Deciding When to Speak Up and When to Shut Up
If you watch TV, you've probably seen Simon Cowell on American Idol, or Dr. Gregory House on House (at right). Both characters are appealing because of their brutal honesty. We love those who tell the truth, particularly when that blunt truth isn't aimed at us.
Their characters definitely fit the mold of one who "speaks up." And Speaking Up is one of the eight cultural values at my work. At first I didn't think much of this principle, but lately I've come to see how speaking up can be hugely important. (And other times it can backfire.) Speaking up is particularly relevant to technical writers, who often play less vocal roles on project teams, but who have perspectives similar to project managers.
Consider these two opposing quotations:
A person who asks a question is a fool for five minutes, a person who doesn't is a fool forever. — Chinese proverb
It is better to keep your mouth closed and let people think you are a fool than to open it and remove all doubt. — Mark Twain
The first author encourages you to speak up when you have questions. If you remain quiet, you'll live forever in ignorance. The second author encourages the opposite — by opening your mouth and revealing your confusion, you'll brand yourself as an idiot.
Usually in matters of confusion, it's always better to speak up. But sometimes speaking up offends someone. Then speaking up can be more of a dilemma.
Ten Challenging Scenarios
Here are 10 challenging scenarios where you're faced with the opportunity to speak up or shut up:
- The project manager announces that the project deadline will be cut short by 3 weeks to meet the original timeline, causing you to work overtime each night.
- Your co-worker talks on the phone really loudly all day next to your cube.
- You want a second monitor at work, even though none of your colleagues has one.
- Someone you made an appointment with is 30 minutes late, causing you to miss another appointment.
- Your wife makes whole wheat chocolate chip muffins that she thinks are heaven's gift but which nauseate you.
- One of your coworkers has a weird neck or nerve quirk and you're curious about it.
- You're really tired at work, having stayed up late the night before on the Internet, and you just want to go home.
- There's dog poop all over your apartment complex lawn and you know it's a certain someone and his dog. While getting your mail, you see him walking his dog again.
- You're a boss and you're disappointed with the performance of your secretary. Or vice versa -- you're a secretary and you're disappointed with the performance of your boss.
- The process for gaining access to a company resource is bureaucratic and slow.
In each of the above scenarios, you have the option to either speak up or shut up. How do you know which response is best in each situation?
Benefits of Speaking Up
Not speaking up usually leads to passive aggressive behavior. This is a response in which you quietly rebel through subversive, obstructionist actions intended to damage the person you're upset with. Wikipedia describes typical passive-aggressive behavior as follows:
[Passive-aggressive behavior] can manifest itself as resentment, stubbornness, procrastination, sullenness, or repeated failure to accomplish requested tasks for which one is assumed, often explicitly, to be responsible. It is a defense mechanism and, more often than not, only partly conscious. For example, people who are passive-aggressive might take so long to get ready for a party they do not wish to attend, that the party is nearly over by the time they arrive. Alternatively, leaving notes to avoid face-to-face discussion/confrontation is another form of passive-aggressive behavior.
One of the situations I listed above was a noisy cube neighbor who talks incessantly on the phone. If a passive-aggressive individual chooses to shut up rather than speak up, he or she may begin to silently cold-shoulder the noisy neighbor, treating the neighbor with curtness and cold professionalism. He or she may begin to make more noise, opening bags of chips and crunching them loudly. He or she may begin to complain about the noisy individual to other co-workers, antagonizing them against the noisy neighbor.
The passive-aggressive individual initially thinks he or she is choosing not to be rude, or to be long-suffering with the problem. But invariably the “obstructionist resistance,” as Wikipedia describes it, manifests itself in myriad ways that are worse than simply confronting that uncomfortable situation.
Benefits of Shutting Up
Although the advantages of speaking up help you avoid passive aggressive responses, at times it's better to shut up, particularly when you're in a highly emotional state that could affect your ability to think clearly.
For example, let's look at situation #8, the dog poop all over your lawn. Suppose you not only see that neighbor walking the dog, but you also step in a pile right before you're heading to work, and it's all over your shoe. Now you're angry and upset and you're also probably going to be late for work. Is it really the best time to open your mouth and let the neighbor know your concern? No, because most likely you'll explode in sudden anger that the neighbor interprets as an unjustified, hostile reaction.
Additionally, in these emotional states, once you open your mouth, you're inclined to let out more out than you intend. You may start with complaints about the dog poop, and when the neighbor responds curtly, such as “Well your kids' toys are often left in the lawn,” you let rip other frustrations. You add, “It's not just the dog poop. Your smoking on the porch totally drifts up to my balcony.”
“Oh yeah, your kids are so noisy I can't even sleep, so I have to go on my porch and smoke.”
“Oh yeah, well that's nothing compared to the way you park so close to the lines, right next to our car.”
"Well if you didn't drive such a big minivan, it wouldn't be a problem."
And so on.
Shutting up may also be a good option if there's nothing to be gained by speaking up, such as with #7 -- feeling tired at having stayed up too late the night before playing on the Internet. Sure you could open your mouth and express to your boss how tired you are, and that you need to go home for the afternoon and sleep. But speaking up in that case only identifies you as an irresponsible slacker. So you partied all night, huh? It won't facilitate collaboration or improve relations.
The Rules I Follow
I'm not sure there are any definite rules to follow to always make the right decision. But if I err, I want to err on the side of too much communication. More errors result from a lack of communication than too much of it. So I try to always speak up rather than shut up — except when I'm angry. When I'm angry, I shut up until I'm calm.
I've also noticed that the more I speak up, the easier it is to open my mouth. Ninety percent of the time, the situation isn't one where offense happens.
In sum, remaining quiet is a dangerous attitude. But other times, remaining quiet is the better option -- temporarily.